The starting point of the project is the specific actions that aim to qualify family care and to foster the organizational skills of the producers. In this regard, we think a collective action is essential, which implies switching from a model in which the residential aide acts individually on a one to one basis, to one based on the aggregation of caregivers into associations for social advancement.
These collective entities would guarantee families: a more efficient coverage of their needs, such as guaranteeing the substitution of the official employee during weekly breaks, sick days, and so on…; the simplification of the bureaucratic procedures related to payment, of which APS is in charge; the possibility of regulating and differentiating services. The benefits would also grant workers: the certainty of their contractual rights, organizational support and supervision, formative opportunities, solutions to all of the problems related to gaining credit, opportunities to integrate their own actions with those of other individuals operating within the local social economy with the perspective of bettering the capacity to take on responsibilities.
The newly created Aps – that would enrol in the CCIA with the Ateco specific codes for residential and family care – would work only for registered users, who present themselves as self-managing subjects. The active involvement of the recipients in the management of the association aims to overcome the standard market dialectic, promote recipient participation in the management of the means of production, and finally perfectly set up its activities as coherent to the logic of social innovation.
In practical terms, these actions were developed while taking into consideration the following:
— the action model of business setup while following FSE guidelines.
— the model for the statute, deed of incorporation, internal regulations of the Association;
— the model of the business contract.
As for the recipients of the “active policies of labour” (based on the analysis of the incoming requirements), the ideal target was identified as the following: women with a low level of education, over the age of 45, and unemployed inasmuch as they have been expelled from the traditional labour cycle. Other ideal targets were women under the age of 29 with a low level of education that fit within the category of “Neet”. We set up an action model that envisages outreach to the recipients, along with activities of orientation, and individual and group education. These actions aim to achieve a qualification or re-qualification, education for the set up and creation of a business, and assistance to start-ups. Regarding the degree of idea sharing, we achieved a very high level of participation from local authorities, health districts, associations, and the organisations of local beneficiaries.